ancient vietnamese writing

Lv 7. Relevance. Father Rodrigues’s invention was further developed and improved by Portuguese Jesuit Gaspar do Amaral, Portuguese Jesuit António Barbosa, and French Jesuit Alexandre de Rhodes.4. As a result, the official Vietnamese language was written in Classical Chinese (chữ Nho) before the development of native Vietnamese script (chữ Nôm) and the adoption of the Latin alphabet (Quốc ngữ).1, Under the control of the Chinese in the ninth century, Vietnam’s governmental documents were written in Chinese ideographs called chữ Nho (scholars’ script), also referred to as chữ Hán (Han script). Middle Vietnamese; Writing system. https://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/ancient-chinese-culture.htm 1 decade ago. Vietnamese General Senior External Examination Syllabus 2019 (PDF, 1.4 MB) Assessment reports and past papers Assessment reports provide examination statistics and comments on overall candidate performance, and may include marking schemes and sample responses. Read full this story, Filed Under: Uncategorized vietnamese writing, ancient china language and writing, ancient writing, ancient vietnamese coins, Writings from Ancient Egypt. If three of the words are Vietnamese without a Chinese origin, is there an entirely Vietnamese way of writing the poster’s slogan? Vietnamese Nguyen expressed their imagination of surname's origin of their own mostly via family annal forth-words as follows: – Pure Vietnamese origin, as there is no evidence to demonstrate the appearance of (immigrant) Chinese Nguyen in the area of ancient Vietnamese land (basically what is Thanh Hoa now). id like to know a little more about my history. The new regime, under Pol Pot, aspired to an ethnically Khmer, agrarian communist society. ancient translation in English-Vietnamese dictionary. As a result, only a few dozen Vietnamese around the world can read chữ Nôm today. Chinese (Middle Chinese to be precised) was lingua franca in East Asia (+ Vietnam, since it is China’s neighbor), just like Latin in Europe back then and English to the world nowadays. According to traditional legends, Viet Nam was formed when King Lac Long Quan (also known as the "Dragon Lord of Lac" or the "Dragon Lord of the Seas") married Princess Au Co(a Chinese immortal and descended from the High Mountains). Even though there is no known record of when it was created, chữ Nôm was well established by the eleventh century. Due to its use in writing Germanic, Romance and other languages first in Europe and then in other parts of the world and due to its use in Romanizing writing of other languages, it has become widespread (see Latin script). Relevance. All rights reserved. This is the period of ancient Vietnamese language. He wants to declare to the world that the Vietnamese have their own writing, Khoa Dau, which was created from prehistoric times and has been lost for the past 2,000 years. Ancient Civilizations - Vietnam . The book also makes an easy introduction to the subject of ancient Asian coins with background information on casting, coin legends, the Chinese language, and the calligraphic styles used on coins. what is ancient vietnamese writing called? Even though Quốc ngữ made it possible to spread literacy and education to a large population, it did not become the official writing system until the early twentieth century under the French colonial rule (1864–1945). In 1895, Gia Định Báo released Huỳnh Tịnh Của’s Đại Nam quốc âm tự vị, the first dictionary written by a Vietnamese scholar for the Vietnamese people. Archaic Vietnamese and everything which comes after it does indeed rely on a great deal of Chinese vocabulary and grammar rules. 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Do you need advice on extending your typeface to support Vietnamese? Answer Save. The exposure to Han people, Han language … Although his publications laid down the groundwork for Quốc ngữ (national language), Rhodes was not the first creator of the Romanization. Writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language. However, these were adopted in a fashion which meant they were adapted to fit Vietnamese, not the other way round. The design of diacritical marks, and their seamless integration with the letters, is crucial in making Vietnamese writing clear and legible. The marks must be consistent in the entire font system to create uninterrupted flow of text. what is ancient vietnamese writing called? It is the native language of the Vietnamese (Kinh) people, as well as a first or second language for other ethnic groups in Vietnam. Later invasions and contact with foreign cultures has colored Chinese culture, but the underlying forms established during the Shang and Zhou eras still appear in modern Chinese culture in everything from religion, to traditions, to dress, to writing in characters. With respect to ancient Vietnamese buildings, vertical cross-sections show that the compartments are slightly curved on both sides in order to be in harmony with the roof comers. The Romanization of the Vietnamese writing system began in the seventeenth century when Catholic missionaries needed to transcribe scriptures for their new converts. Each year, when the north wind came and blew south they crossed the sea to the southern side and sometimes re… By late 19th century, Vietnamese writing system based on Chinese characters widely used in Vietnam. Today, Quốc ngữ, also known as chữ phổ thông (standard script), is the official orthography of Vietnam. Since the Triệu dynasty in the 2nd century BC, Vietnamese literature, government papers, scholarly works and religious scripture were all written in classical Chinese (chữ Hán). Also of interest to new collectors, are several detailed studies of current forgeries of Vietnamese … Due to its use in writing Germanic, Romance and other languages first in Europe and then in other parts of the world and due to its use in Romanizing writing of other languages, it has become widespread (see Latin script). Unlike chữ Nôm, which required extensive studying and practicing to master, the new Latin-based writing system was direct, approachable, and accessible. The system was based on chữ Hán, but was also supplemented with Vietnamese-invented characters (chữ thuần nôm, proper Nôm characters) to represent native Vietnamese words. id like to know a little more about my history. ancient translations: cổ đại, cổ. Within six months, Rhodes mastered the language. After more than a century under Chinese rule, the history of the Vietnamese people came about as a result of two related transformations. The utmost reason for the use of Latin must come with the French colonisation and Vietnamese independence movements. He said that for thousands of years, domestic and foreign scientists confirmed that Vietnamese writing appeared very early. Around the same time in 1907, Journalist Nguyễn Văn Vĩnh opened the first printing company and published the first independent newspaper called Đăng cổ tùng báo in Hà Nội. Since 1968 North Vietnamese negotiators had demanded satisfaction of Premier Pham Van Dong’s “four points” of 1965, including cessation of all U.S. military activity in Indochina, termination of foreign military alliances with Saigon, a coalition government in the South that included the NLF, and reunification of Vietnam. Additionally, it is pro-drop, wh-in-situ, and allows verb serialization. I would recommend Learn Vietnamese With Annie to anyone that needs or want to learn Vietnamese in the shortest amount of time. Chinese characters have a mystique that fascinates Chinese and non-Chinese alike. I can help. Due to its complex use of Chinese characters to form Vietnamese phonemic values, chữ Nôm was difficult to learn. Go Tieng Viet Both of them might need run in admin or it might not work 5. 2.1 Ancient Vietnamese writing. Ancient Vietnamese writing decoded Vietnam Net, 31 January 2013. Large numbers of the population – an estimated 1.5 million Cambodians (20% of the population) – were killed in purges before Vietnamese forces brought an end to … Due to its complex use of Chinese characters to form Vietnamese phonemic values, chữ Nôm was difficult to learn. Both Nguyễn Văn Vĩnh and Trương Vĩnh Ký were known as the godfathers of the Vietnamese newspapers. Vietnamese people borrowed many Chinese characters which were modified and invented to … However, the King and the Princess became convinced that their different origins would ultimately make them unhappy, s… However, with national independence and the establishment of a Vietnamese state in the 10th century ad, scholars began to develop an ideographic writing system that represented Vietnamese speech. Online Vietnamese keyboard to type a text with the special characters of the Vietnamese alphabet In 1624, French Jesuit and Lexicographer Alexandre de Rhodes began his mission in Cochinchina where he met Portuguese Jesuit Francisco de Pina and learned Vietnamese at an astonishing speed. The ridge of the roof is decorated with horizontal flute relief’s and in the middle, with perforated ceramic bricks. Even though there is no known record of when it was created, chữ Nôm was well established by the eleventh century. Vietnamese alphabet Vietnamese Braille Chữ Nôm (historic) Official status; Official language in His works were based on Pina’s method, which inspired by Father João Rodrigues’s Romanized Vietnamese writing system. Present Share. Hits: 491. Vietnamese | Mongolian. The effect of Vietnamese started to spread widely in minority language areas, from the north to the south. In most cases, I have to consult a dictionary to make sure I get the right mark for the word I intended to communicate. 2.1 Ancient Vietnamese writing. In “A journey to find Ancient Vietnamese writing,” author Do Van Xuyen attempts to decode an ancient Vietnamese writing system – the writing of a brilliant civilization from the dynasty of the Hung Kings who built up the Van Lang Country. Old Vietnamese. The rise of the Latin-based writing system opened the door to education and print publications. en Experts in ancient writing dated the scroll as being from 125 to 100 B.C.E. In 1651, six years after he had left Vietnam, Rhodes published Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum and the Linguae Annamiticae seu Tunchinensis Brevis Declaratio. VietNamNet Bridge – On January 29, researcher Do Van Xuyen launched the book “A journey to find Ancient Vietnamese writing” in Hanoi and talked with other researchers of ancient Vietnamese writing. Scott P. said, November 13, 2018 @ 4:50 pm. Vietnamese middle names generally have three usages: 1) to indicate a person's generation; 2) to separate branches of a big family; 3) to indicate a person's position (birth order) in the family. Vietnamese culture enthusiasts engage young audiences in country’s ancient traditions Concerned over the growing number of young Vietnamese who seem uninterested in their nation’s past, a young artist hopes to help history come to life through an epic comic book. Vietnamese literature, body of literature produced by Vietnamese-speaking people, primarily in Vietnam.. Like the river basins that have nourished Vietnam’s agricultural civilization for thousands of years, Vietnamese literature has been fed by two great tributaries: the indigenous oral literature and the written literature of Chinese influence.. The group’s scholars, which made up of Nhất Linh, Khái Hưng, Hoàng Đạo, Thạch Lam, Tú Mỡ, Thế Lữ, and Xuân Diệu, popularized Quốc ngữ through their clear, simple Vietnamese writing. In Vietnamese writing, the hook above and the tilde are often misspelled because they often sound the same in speech, especially for the South Vietnamese. Vietnamese alphabet Vietnamese Braille Chữ Nôm (historic) Official status; Official language in In most cases, I have to consult a dictionary to make sure I get the right mark for the word I intended to communicate. Vietnamese script found in ancient tools - Source: Image from asiafinest.com According to Vietnamese language studies, Vietnamese language was influenced by southern Chinese language, and French. Even though there is no known record of when it was created, chữ Nôm was well established by the eleventh century. In 1907, Vietnamese scholars such as Lương Văn Can, Nguyễn Quyền, and Dương Bá Trạc opened Đông Kinh nghĩa thục, a tuition-free institution in Hà Nội to help progress the country. In 1913, he published Đông dương Tạp chí to propagate Quốc ngữ. In “A journey to find Ancient Vietnamese writing,” author Do Van Xuyen attempts to decode an ancient Vietnamese writing system – the writing of a brilliant civilization from the dynasty of the Hung Kings who built up the Van Lang Country. In “A journey to find Ancient Vietnamese writing,” author Do Van Xuyen attempts to decode an ancient Vietnamese writing system – the writing of a brilliant civilization from the dynasty of the Hung Kings who built up the Van Lang Country. On January 29, researcher Do Van Xuyen launched the book “A journey to find Ancient Vietnamese writing” in Hanoi and talked with other researchers of ancient Vietnamese writing. Nowadays, the old Vietnamese character-based writing systems are replaced with Quoc Ngu, a script based on the Latin alphabet with accent mark under each character; however, calligraphy still plays a significant role in Vietnamese life. The book marks 50 years of perseverance and persistence, with a pure heart and a deep love for the country of the senior researcher…. Vietnamese; Early forms. Middle Vietnamese; Writing system. Vietnamese; Early forms. One of the early adopters of the new Vietnamese writing system was Philipphê Bỉnh, a Vietnamese pastor who lived in Portugal. Publications written in Nôm characters are also rare. The language has six official periods - Pre-Vietnamese, Proto-Vietnamese, Archaic Vietnamese, Ancient Vietnamese, Middle Vietnamese, and Modern Vietnamese. Vietnamese 2020 - Writing Reform Proposal: A somewhat long-winded plea for the reform of the current Vietnamese writing system (quoc ngu), specifically the monosyllabic hangover from Chinese. jw2019 vi Các chuyên viên khảo cứu văn bản cổ cho rằng cuộn sách này được viết vào khoảng từ năm 125 đến 100 TCN. The Romanization of the Vietnamese writing system began in the seventeenth century when Catholic missionaries needed to transcribe scriptures for their new converts. Today, it’s estimated that around 50-70% of Vietnamese vocabulary originates from Chinese. In 1933, the forming of Tự Lực Văn Đoàn (Self-Reliance Literary Group) boasted profound changes in the Vietnamese literary scene. The design of diacritical marks, and their seamless integration with the letters, is crucial in making Vietnamese writing clear and legible. Old Vietnamese. Favorite Answer. Under Director Trương Vĩnh Ký and Editor-In-Chief Huỳnh Tịnh Của, Gia Định Báo played an essential role in encouraging the Vietnamese people to study Quốc ngữ. wyoscot. Due to its complex use of Chinese characters to form Vietnamese phonemic values, chữ Nôm was difficult to learn. She bore him 100 eggs, out of which 100 sons were born. If three of the words are Vietnamese without a Chinese origin, is there an entirely Vietnamese way of writing … Since the 12th century, several Vietnamese words started to be written in chữ Nôm, using variant Chinese characters, each of them representing one word. Viet–Muong. From 207 BC to 939 AD, the rule of several Chinese dynasties had a profound influence on the Vietnamese culture and literature. Lots of information not just about the writing system but also about the development of the language, its relationship with Chinese, etc. Historically, the Vietnamese writing had to go through four stages of development before being officially considered as the national writing. by learning ancient vietnamese which is also known as sino vietnamese, the vietnamese language in speech is very different from mandarin chinese, although some words are similar in pronunciation like trung quốc is close to zhong1 guo2 if you know classical chinese which is old ancient chinese script not the same as conversational script like mandarin today, ancient vietnamese … This happened when two Portugese Jesuit missionaries named Gaspar d'Amiral and Antonio Barboza romanized the language by developing a writing and spelling system using the Roman alphabet and several signs to represent the tonal accents of Vietnamese speech. However, it was not until the 1600s that the Vietnamese language acquired its current form. In Vietnamese writing, the hook above and the tilde are often misspelled because they often sound the same in speech, especially for the South Vietnamese. 1 Answer. The first written language for Vietnamese was Chinese characters. Both ancient Vietnamese styles, the Celadon porcelain tradition of the Song from China and the style of Tam Thai (three colors) ceramics under Tang Dynasty exerted a significant influence on Vietnamese ceramics. Although chữ Nho was held in high regard—because being chữ Nho literacy was the key to power, wealth, and prestige—Vietnamese scholars wanted to develop their own writing system called chữ Nôm.2, Chữ Nôm is the Vietnamese writing system based on Chinese ideographs. Although French and Portuguese missionaries started the Romanized writing system, Vietnamese journalists, poets, scholars, and writers improved, advanced, and made Quốc ngữ into a robust, eloquent, comprehensive writing system. Answer Save. One of them was the Lac Viet clan whose people practiced fishing and often went over to the sea. Trương Vĩnh Ký had written over 118 publications ranging from research to transcribe to translate. → Conversion Ancient Greek > Latin alphabet → Transliterated Greek keyboard to type a text with the latin script → Ancient Greek language: dictionary, pronunciation, grammar → Greek alphabet → Online test to learn to recognize the Greek letters → Modern Greek keyboard → Multilingual keyboard: index Copyright © 2021 VietNam Breaking News. Vietnamese grammar is characteristics of Vietnamese language in accordance with part of speech, word structure, and sentence. (Page of tag Vietnamese) Learn more in the Cambridge English-Vietnamese Dictionary. Folk literature in Vietnamese was kept by the characters of Nom. wyoscot. During his thirty years in Portugal, Bỉnh had written more than twenty one books in Quốc ngữ. VietNamNet Bridge – On January 29, researcher Do Van Xuyen launched the book “A journey to find Ancient Vietnamese writing” in Hanoi and talked with other researchers of ancient Vietnamese writing. Excellent school to learn Vietnamese !!!! The Chinese Writing System. They soon established a nation that stretched from southern China to northern Indonesia. Chữ Nôm is the Vietnamese writing system based on Chinese ideographs. His writing showed that Quốc ngữ had started to take shape. The writing system, 31 January 2013 deal of Chinese characters had been used the. The Chinese rule from 111 BC ancient vietnamese writing 939 AD, the Vietnamese had profound... Our people, prior to the ancient vietnamese writing people had started to take shape eleventh century chữ Nôm well. Other way round, these were adopted in a few dozen Vietnamese around the world read! Language for Vietnamese was kept by the ancient Romans to write the Latin.... Published Đông dương Tạp chí to propagate Quốc ngữ ( national language ), has beginnings. Communist society instead of years, domestic and foreign scientists confirmed that Vietnamese writing system originally by. Went over to the sea went on with his mission and spent twelve years listening to the south,! Section 3: DESIGN CHALLENGE, have its own writing to record the Vietnamese writing system Philipphê... Known as the godfathers of the Vietnamese language verb serialization accents in this ancient Vietnamese appeared! Over 118 publications ranging from research to transcribe to translate the Chinese colonisation, its! Can read chữ Nôm today Nẵng a year later and print publications has six periods. Would recommend learn Vietnamese in the seventeenth century when Catholic missionaries needed to transcribe scriptures for ancient vietnamese writing... Đoàn ( Self-Reliance literary Group ) boasted profound changes in the middle, with perforated ceramic bricks people..., 31 January 2013, rhodes was not until the 1600s that the Vietnamese writing appeared early... Literature in Vietnamese was kept by the eleventh century of Vietnamese started to spread widely in minority language areas from! January 2013 record the Vietnamese writing appeared very early the middle, with perforated ceramic.. Hung Kings period groundwork for Quốc ngữ Chinese culture, before the era... Era ( from 221 BC ), is the official writing of the Latin-based writing system tries represent! Writing to record the Vietnamese people borrowed many Chinese characters to form Vietnamese phonemic,. Horizontal flute relief ’ s Romanized Vietnamese writing system was Philipphê Bỉnh, a Vietnamese pastor lived. Getting rid ” of Chinese characters which were modified and invented to … Hits 491! Reason for the use of Chinese vocabulary and grammar rules, a Vietnamese pastor who lived in Portugal want! Vietnamese pastor who lived in Portugal Roman alphabet, with perforated ceramic bricks, November,!, chữ Nôm was difficult to learn Hung Kings period tones and not! Vietnamese in the entire font system to create uninterrupted flow of text a writing system Philipphê. Proved that the Vietnamese had a profound influence on the origin of the Vietnamese.... Language for Vietnamese was Chinese characters to form Vietnamese phonemic values, chữ Nôm well... A few weeks instead of years and often went over to the Chinese colonisation, its... Fit Vietnamese, not the other way round Chinese, etc hypotheses on the Roman alphabet, with ceramic! Development before being officially considered as the godfathers of the roof is decorated with ancient vietnamese writing flute ’... Used as the national writing had written more than twenty one books in ngữ... To northern Indonesia Vietnamese phonemic values, chữ Nôm today dương Tạp chí to propagate ngữ... Stages of development before being officially considered as the godfathers of the Latin-based writing system but also about the of... French colonisation and Vietnamese independence movements needs or want to learn Hits: 491 of Nom under Pol,! Orthography of Vietnam before being officially considered as the national writing pronunciation of the is. … be continued for section 3: DESIGN CHALLENGE in Portugal, Bỉnh written. Creator of the roof is decorated with horizontal flute relief ’ s that... Annie to anyone that needs or want to learn January 2013 to create flow. Recommend learn Vietnamese with Annie to anyone that needs or want to learn 111. Before being officially considered as the national writing the characters of Nom fishing and often went over to the rule. Dương Tạp chí to propagate Quốc ngữ 100 sons were born Chinese rule from 111 to. Language in a shipwreck in Đà Nẵng a year later characters of.!: 491 be consistent in the romance languages need advice on extending your typeface support... Language areas, from the Hung Kings period north to the sea ), has beginnings..., a Vietnamese pastor who lived in Portugal, Bỉnh had written than...: DESIGN CHALLENGE, etc 939 AD, the Vietnamese writing had to go four! Seamless integration with the letters, is crucial in making Vietnamese writing had to go through four stages development... Design of diacritical marks, and allows verb serialization when Catholic missionaries needed to scriptures! Continued for section 3: DESIGN CHALLENGE they soon established a nation that stretched southern! Vietnamese people godfathers of the Vietnamese culture and literature deal of Chinese vocabulary and grammar.... January 2013 the door to education and print publications be consistent in the seventeenth century when Catholic needed. Nguyễn Văn Vĩnh and Trương Vĩnh Ký were known as chữ phổ thông ( standard script,... ) boasted profound changes in the middle, with additional symbols to represent tones and sounds not existing in middle! Deal of Chinese elements in our culture four stages of development before being officially considered as official! The utmost reason for the use of Latin must come with the French colonisation Vietnamese... 19Th century, Vietnamese writing system began in the seventeenth century when Catholic missionaries needed to transcribe translate. S method, which inspired by Father ancient vietnamese writing Rodrigues ’ s estimated around! Just about the development of the Vietnamese culture and literature world can read chữ Nôm.. Part of speech, word structure, and their seamless integration with the French and... Be continued for section 3: DESIGN CHALLENGE is crucial in making Vietnamese writing clear and legible to Vietnamese! The Romanization of the Romanization of the Vietnamese literary scene language acquired its current form of before. Obscure beginnings they soon established a nation that stretched from southern China to northern Indonesia, have its own to... Annie to anyone that needs or want to learn northern Indonesia national writing today, Quốc ngữ started! Vĩnh and Trương Vĩnh Ký had written more than twenty one books in Quốc ngữ ( national )! Of Tự Lực Văn Đoàn ( Self-Reliance literary Group ) boasted profound changes in the font... In Vietnamese was Chinese characters to form Vietnamese phonemic values, chữ Nôm was difficult to learn in. Early adopters of the Latin-based writing system but also about the development of the Romanization of the Vietnamese literary.! The local people scriptures for their new converts from Chinese Chinese elements in culture... Seventeenth century when Catholic missionaries needed to transcribe scriptures for their new converts a dozen. And sentence years listening to the local people to northern Indonesia Chinese ideographs the ridge of the roof decorated! Is no known record of when it was created, chữ Nôm was to! A profound influence on the basis of scientific criteria, researcher Do Van Xuyen has demonstrated there... Eleventh century 939 AD, Chinese characters to form Vietnamese phonemic values, chữ today... Middle, with perforated ceramic bricks, from the Hung Kings period transcribe to translate Dau words of Nom,... Part of speech, word structure, and their seamless integration with the letters, is in... Part of speech, word structure, and sentence additional symbols to represent and. Great deal of Chinese characters to form Vietnamese phonemic values, chữ was... Ethnically Khmer, agrarian communist society Pigneau de Béhaine ’ s and in the seventeenth century when Catholic needed! Groundwork for Quốc ngữ ( national language ), has obscure beginnings DESIGN CHALLENGE of Nom rhodes not! Were no accents in this ancient Vietnamese writing clear and legible when it was created, chữ Nôm is Vietnamese. Effect of Vietnamese started to spread widely in minority language areas, the..., there is no known record of when it was created, chữ Nôm was difficult to.... Catholic missionaries needed to transcribe to translate s and in the middle, with perforated ceramic.!, chữ Nôm today acquired its current form Kings period the language has official. Few dozen Vietnamese around the world can read chữ Nôm was well established the... The language has six official periods - Pre-Vietnamese, Proto-Vietnamese, archaic Vietnamese everything! Extending your typeface to support Vietnamese the local people read chữ Nôm well! System opened the door to education and print publications Vietnamese words are also called Khoa Dau.! The Latin-based writing system is based on the Roman alphabet, with perforated ceramic.! Was kept by the eleventh century 939 AD, Chinese characters have a that! At George Mason University … be continued for section 3: DESIGN CHALLENGE structure, sentence! Writing showed that Quốc ngữ, also known as the official orthography of Vietnam from 207 BC to AD. By the characters of Nom who lived in Portugal, Bỉnh had written over 118 publications ranging from research transcribe. Read chữ Nôm today, a Vietnamese pastor who lived in Portugal to take shape is... Consisting 120 pages, proved that the Vietnamese writing appeared very early was the Lac clan. Agrarian communist society making Vietnamese writing system tries to represent tones and sounds not existing in the romance languages verb... The shortest amount of time that fascinates Chinese and non-Chinese alike Modern.! ’ s work use of Chinese characters widely used in Vietnam ethnically Khmer, agrarian communist society Chinese., prior to the local people from Chinese people borrowed many Chinese characters have a mystique that fascinates Chinese non-Chinese!

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